Photo Credits

PHOTO CREDITS FOR THE PRE-OWES LESSONS

LESSON 1 – AN INTRODUCTION TO WETLANDS

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       Wetland vegetation – OWES Manuals

Dry marsh and people – OWES Manuals

4       Soil auger – OWES Manuals

Marsh – OWES Manuals

5       Wetland from above – OWES Certificate Course

6       Sewage lagoon – OWES Certificate Course

7       Field with wet spots – OWES Certificate Course

9       Map – OWES Certificate Course

10     Map – OWES Certificate Course

Covers of OWES Manuals – Dave Hackett

12     Marsh – OWES Certificate Course

13     Swamp – OWES Certificate Course

14     Bog – OWES Certificate Course

15     Fen – OWES Certificate Course

17     Wetland complex – OWES Certificate Course

19     Deer – OWES Certificate Course

Moose – OWES Certificate Course

20     People in canoe – OWES Certificate Course

22     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 2 – THE PURPOSE, HISTORY AND FUTURE OF OWES

Slide

1       People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

2       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

4       Wetland from above – OWES Certificate Course

Dry marsh and people – OWES Manuals

7       Marsh – OWES Certificate Course

Marsh – OWES Certificate Course

9       Wetland with industrial background – OWES Certificate Course

Two people evaluating a wetland – Dave Hackett

10     Crowd of people at a wetland – OWES Certificate Course

A group of OWES people on a trail – Dave Hackett

11     A wetland from above – OWES Certificate Course

Windmills generating power – B.J. Mullan, Wikimedia Commons

14     A marsh – OWES Certificate Course

Images of the OWES Manuals – Dave Hackett

16     A Marsh – OWES Certificate Course

Four OWES students – Dave Hackett

18     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 3 – A DESCRIPTION OF THE OWES CERTIFICATE COURSE

Slide

1       People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

2       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

4       Map to locate the university – Nipissing University

Map of location of residence – Nipissing University

5       Conference room – Nipissing University

Residence – Nipissing University

6       Lasagna – Chartwell’s Food Service

Stir fry – Chartwell’s Food Service

People boarding a bus – Dave Hackett

8       Diagram of vegetation zones – OWES Certificate Course

Wetland vegetation – Dave Hackett

Cattails – Dave Hackett

9       Aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course

People in a wetland – Dave Hackett

10     Shore of Cache Bay – Dave Hackett

People in a conference room – Dave Hackett

11     Frair Lake – Dave Hackett

People with their computers – Dave Hackett

12     Another shot of people with computers – Dave Hackett

The Bryo-fighters – Alanna Smolarz, Joelle Pecora, Janice Ball & Devin Turner

14     People in swamp – Dave Hackett

People in marsh – Kevan Cowcill

15     Covers of the OWES Manuals – Dave Hackett

17   People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 4 – OWES BASICS AND OWES SPATIAL BASICS COURSES

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       People in a marsh – Kevan Cowcill

People in a swamp – Dave Hackett

4       Conference room – Nipissing University

Residence – Nipissing University

5       Pasta – Chartwell’s Food Service

People boarding a bus – Dave Hackett

6       Diagram of vegetation zones – OWES Certificate Course

Infrared aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course

A soil profile – U.S. Dept. of Agriculture

People getting on a bus – Dave Hackett

7       Crowd of people at a wetland – OWES Certificate Course

Covers of the OWES Manuals – Dave Hackett

9       Great Blue Heron – Dave Hackett

Water lily – Dave Hackett

Turtle – Dave Hackett

10     A wetland – Dave Hackett

Wetland books and a GPS – Dave Hackett

12     Great Blue Heron – Dave Hackett

Water lily – Dave Hackett

Turtle – Dave Hackett

13     A wetland – Dave Hackett

Wetland books and a GPS – Dave Hackett

14     Infrared aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course

People in a wetland – Dave Hackett

15     Infrared aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course

People in a conference room – Dave Hackett

16     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 5 – WHICH OWES COURSE IS RIGHT FOR YOU?

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       A wetland – Dave Hackett

People in a conference room – Dave Hackett

4       People in a swamp – Dave Hackett

The covers of the OWES Manuals – Dave Hackett

5       People in a marsh – Kevan Cowcill

Two wetland evaluators – Dave Hackett

7       Cache Bay shoreline – Dave Hackett

People in a conference room – Dave Hackett

8       Wetland books and a GPS – Dave Hackett    

9       People in a wetland – Dave Hackett

OWES class on a trail – Dave Hackett

11     Frair Lake – Dave Hackett

People at their computers – Dave Hackett

12     A person in a wetland – Dave Hackett

Infrared aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course

13     People in a marsh – Kevan Cowcill

Infrared aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course       

15     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 6 – SKILLS NEEDED FOR THE OWES CERTIFICATE COURSE

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       Four OWES students – Dave Hackett

A wetland – Dave Hackett

4       Two wetland evaluators – Dave Hackett

Infrared aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course

5       Ruffed Grouse fledgling – Lisa Hackett

Magnolia Warbler – Lisa Hackett

7       OWES people on a trail – Dave Hackett

Blue Flag – USFWS

Sensitive Fern – Dave Hackett

8       Infrared aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course

A soil auger with wetland soil – OWES Certificate Course

9       Fen-tasic Four being safe – Jenn McPhee, Jessica Whyte, Bridget Antze & Matt Ford

OWES student emerging from a moat – Dave Hackett

11     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 7 – WETLAND PLANTS

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       Plants in a marsh – OWES Certificate Course

Plants in a swamp – OWES Certificate Course

6       Nodding Beggar Ticks – Kristian Peters, Wikimedia Commons

Panicled Aster – Ryan Hodnett, Wikimedia Commons

Water Smartweed – I. Svdmolen, Wikimedia Commons

Marsh Fern – Agnieszka Kwiecień Nova, Wikimedia Commons

7       Common Cattail – Marshman, Wikimedia Commons

Narrow-leaf Cattail – Le.Loup.Gris, Wikimedia Commons

Common Reed – Darkone, Wikimedia Commons

River Bulrush – Robert H. Mohlenbrock, Wikimedia Commons

8       Reed Canary-grass – Franz Xaver, Wikimedia Commons

Sweet Flag – Christian Fischer, Wikimedia Commons

Water Horsetail – Luc Viatour, Wikimedia Commons

Common Bur-reed – Wikimedia Commons

9       Canada Blue-joint – USFWS Mountain Prairie, Wikimedia Commons

Lake-bank Sedge – Robert H. Mohlenbrock, Wikimedia Commons

Cottongrass Bulrush – Fredlyfish4, Wikimedia Commons

Red-tinged Bulrush – andrey zharkikh, Wikimedia Commons

10     Pickerelweed – Rotational, Wikimedia Commons

Broad-leafed Arrowhead – SA, Wikimedia Commons

Water Arum – Kurt Stüber, Wikimedia Commons

Water-plantain – Bff, Wikimedia Commons

11     Watermeal – Christian Fischer, Wikimedia Commons

Purple-fringed Liverwort – Wikimedia Commons

Mosquitofern – Kurt Stüber, Wikimedia Commons

Lesser Duckweed – Kurt Stüber, Wikimedia Commons

12     Fragrant Water Lily – By Sanctuary, Wikimedia Commons

Water Shield – anon, Wikimedia Commons

Floating-leaved Pondweed – Christian Fischer, Wikimedia Commons

Yellow Pond Lily – Claire Houck, Wikimedia Commons

13     Common Bladderwort – anon, Wikimedia Commons

Canada Waterweed – Christian Fischer, Wikimedia Commons

Clasping-leaf Pondweed – Kristian Peters, Wikimedia Commons

Coontail – SA, Wikimedia Commons

15     Pin Oak – Wikimedia Commons

Silver Maple – Than217, Wikimedia Commons

Black Ash – Keith Kanoti, Wikimedia Commons

Green Ash – anon, Wikimedia Commons

16     Tamarack – Tim & Selena Middleton, Wikimedia Commons

Black Spruce – SA, Wikimedia Commons

Balsam Fir – Cephas, Wikimedia Commons

Eastern White Cedar – U.S. Dept. of Agriculture

17     Speckled Alder – Quadell, Wikimedia Commons

Red-osier Dogwood – Sulfur, Wikimedia Commons

Winterberry – Steven G. Johnson, Wikimedia Commons

Buttonbush – Rufino Osorio, Wikimedia Commons

18     Sweet Gale – SA, Wikimedia Commons

Water-willow – Antepenultimate, Wikimedia Commons

Shining Willow – Public Domain, Wikimedia Commons

Narrow-leaf Meadowsweet – James Lindsey, Wikimedia Commons

19     Nodding Beggarticks – Kristian Peters, Wikimedia Commons

Purple-stemmed Aster – Jesse Rorabaugh, Wikimedia Commons

Spotted Jewelweed – Gordon E. Robertson, Wikimedia Commons

Sensitive Fern – Dave Hackett

20     Fowl Mannagrass – pellaea, Wikimedia Commons

Hop Sedge – Kristian Peters, Wikimedia Commons

Bladder Sedge – Superior National Forest

Lake Sedge – Robert H. Mohlenbrock, Wikimedia Commons

22     Common Brown Peat Moss – Sten Porse, Wikimedia Commons

Tussock Cotton-grass – Elke Freese, Wikimedia Commons

Leatherleaf – Estormiz, Wikimedia Commons

Purple Pitcher Plant – Geoff Gallice, Wikimedia Commons

24     Slender Sedge – Krzysztof Ziarnek, Wikimedia Commons

Tamarack – Tim and Selena Middleton, Wikimedia Commons

Bog Rosemary – Gillfoto, Wikimedia Commons

Eastern White Cedar – U.S. Dept. of Agriculture

25     Mud Sedge – Krzysztof Ziarnek, Wikimedia Commons

Rose Pogonia – Orchi, Wikimedia Commons

Bog Bean or Buck Bean – SA, Wikimedia Commons

Podgrass – Bertblok, Wikimedia Commons

27     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 8 – WETLAND BOUNDARIES

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       Wetland with obvious boundaries – OWES Certificate Course

Swamp with less obvious boundaries – OWES Certificate Course

6       Sugar Maple – Superior National Forest

Northern Red Oak – Katja Schulz, Wikimedia Commons

Black Cherry – Wikimedia Commons

American Beech – Dcrjsr, Wikimedia Commons

9       Eastern White Cedar – U.S. Dept. of Agriculture

Red Maple – Wikimedia Commons

Trembling Aspen – Walter Siegmund, Wikimedia Commons

Balsam Poplar – Lynden Gerdes, Wikimedia Commons

10     A soil auger – OWES Certificate Course

11     Mottled soil – OWES Certificate Course

Gley soil – OWES Certificate Course

13     Swamp – OWES Certificate Course

17     Marsh Marigolds and Speckled Alders – OWES Certificate Course

18     Green Ash trees – OWES Certificate Course

19     Silver Maple trees – OWES Certificate Course

21     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 9 – DIVIDING WETLANDS INTO PLANT COMMUNITIES

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       White-tailed Deer – Wikimedia Commons

Wetland – Dave Hackett

4       Marsh Marigolds and Speckled Alders – OWES Certificate Course

6       Black Ash Tree – OWES Certificate Course

Rooted floating plants – Dave Hackett

10     Black Ash Tree – OWES Certificate Course

Eastern White Cedar – OWES Certificate Course

11     Speckled Alder – OWES Certificate Course

12     Leatherleaf – OWES Certificate Course

Bog Laurel – OWES Certificate Course

13     Crested Wood-fern – OWES Certificate Course

14     Beaked Sedge – OWES Certificate Course

15     Pickerelweed – OWES Certificate Course

16     Cattail – OWES Certificate Course

17     White Water Lily – OWES Certificate Course

18     Duckweed – OWES Certificate Course

19     Curly Pondweed – OWES Certificate Course

26     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 10 – REMOTE SENSING AND GIS

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       Wetland – Wikimedia Commons

Infrared aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course

4       A planimeter – Wikimedia Commons

5       People at computers – Dave Hackett

People at a marsh – Kevin Cowcill

7       Infrared aerial imagery – OWES Certificate Course

A Digital Surface Model – OWES Certificate Course

8       A “leaf-off” aerial image – OWES Certificate Course

People at computers – Dave Hackett

9       An infrared view of aquatic vegetation – OWES Certificate Course

A ground-level view of aquatic vegetation – Dave Hackett

11     An infrared view of a graminoid fen – OWES Certificate Course

A ground-level view of a graminoid fen – OWES Certificate Course

12     Water appears black in this infrared image – OWES Certificate Course

14     A person at a computer – Nipissing University

Frair Lake – Dave Hackett

16     The covers of OWES Manuals – Dave Hackett

Inside the manual – Dave Hackett

18     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 11 – WETLAND SOILS/SUBSTRATES

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       Soil profile – United States Department of Agriculture

Marl – OWES Certificate Course

4       Mottles – OWES Certificate Course

Gley – OWES Certificate Course

7       Soil auger – Dave Hackett

8       Wetland – OWES Certificate Course

Soil augering – OWES Certificate Course

11     Soil auger – Dave Hackett

Wetland – Dave Hackett

12     Dried clay – USDA, Wikimedia Commons

Organic soil – USDA, Wikimedia Commons

15     A wetland recharging groundwater – OWES Certificate Course

Groundwater recharging into a wetland – OWES Certificate Course

18     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 12 – WETLAND ANIMALS

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       Mallard – Lisa Hackett

Wood Duck – Frank Vassen, Wikimedia Commons

Canada Goose – Russ, Wikimedia Commons

Common Merganser – Bengt Nyman, Wikimedia Commons

4       Wilson’s Snipe – Lisa Hackett

Greater Yellow-legs – Mike Baird, Wikimedia Commons

Spotted Sandpiper – anon, Wikimedia Commons

White-rumped Sandpiper – Dario Niz, Wikimedia Commons

5       Great Blue Heron – Dave Hackett

Green Heron – Basar, Wikimedia Commons

American Bittern – Walter Siegmund, Wikimedia Commons

6       Common Yellowthroat – Lisa Hackett

Black-and-white Warbler – TonyCastro, Wikimedia Commons

Yellow Warbler – Lisa Hackett

American Redstart – Lisa Hackett

7       Swamp Sparrow – Lisa Hackett

White-throated Sparrow – Lisa Hackett

Song Sparrow – Lisa Hackett

Savannah Sparrow – Lisa Hackett

8       Red-tailed Hawk – Brocken Inaglory, Wikimedia Commons

Merlin – Just a Prairie Boy, Wikimedia Commons

Osprey – Lisa Hackett

Northern Harrier – Dan Pancamo, Wikimedia Commons

9       Belted Kingfisher – Kevin Cole, Wikimedia Commons

Virginia Rail – Mike Baird, Wikimedia Commons

Red-winged Blackbird – Dave Hackett

American Coot – Wikimedia Commons

10     Beaver – Steve, Wikimedia Commons

Muskrat – D. Gordon E. Robertson, Wikimedia Commons

Southern Bog Lemming – PaulT, Wikimedia Commons

Deer Mouse – 6th Happiness, Wikimedia Commons

11     North American River Otter – Ken Thomas, Wikimedia Commons

Short-tailed Weasel – Hillebrand Steve, Wikimedia Commons

American Mink – Pdreijnders, Wikimedia Commons

12     White-tailed Deer – Coolstock, Wikimedia Commons

Moose – Diego Delso, Wikimedia Commons

13     Red Fox – anon, Wikimedia Commons

Raccoon – garyjwood, Wikimedia Commons

Coyote – USFWS, Wikimedia Commons

14     Green Frog – anon, Wikimedia Commons

Bullfrog –Carl D. Howe, Wikimedia Commons

Leopard Frog – Switchroyale, Wikimedia Common

15     Mink Frog – Mike Ostrowski, Wikimedia Commons

Gray Treefrog – Robert A. Coggeshall, Wikimedia Commons

Spring Peeper – USGS, Wikimedia Commons

Wood Frog – Brian Gratwicke, Wikimedia Commons

16     Spotted Salamander – D. Gordon E. Robertson, Wikimedia Commons

Red-spotted Newt – Brian Gratwicke, Wikimedia Commons

Blue-spotted Salamander – IronChris, Wikimedia Common

17     Snapping Turtle – Ontley, Wikimedia Commons

Blanding’s Turtle – Wikimedia Commons

Midland Painted Turtle – D. Gordon E. Robertson, Wikimedia Commons

Spotted Turtle – Ontley, Wikimedia Commons

18     Northern Water Snake – Big iron, Wikimedia Commons

Garter Snake – Wikimedia Commons

Ribbon Snake – Wikimedia Commons

19     Bluegill – Briandykes, Wikimedia Commons

Swamp Darter – Noel Burkhead/Howard Jelks, Wikimedia Commons

Longnose Gar – David Stang, Wikimedia Commons

Pumpkinseed – Arbitrarily0 and comrade, Wikimedia Commons

21     Minnow trap – Mheis2, Wikimedia Commons

Baitfish in water – Wikimedia Commons

22     Muskrat – D. Gordon E. Robertson, Wikimedia Commons

American Mink – Pdreijnders, Wikimedia Commons

Beaver – Steve, Wikimedia Commons

North American River Otter – Ken Thomas, Wikimedia Commons

23     Spotted Gar – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wikimedia Commons

Golden Eagle – Rocky, Wikimedia Commons

Blanding’s Turtle – Larry Watkins, SARO

Least Bittern – Brian E. Small, SARO

24     Yellow-headed Blackbird – Blalonde, Wikimedia Commons

25     Female Red-breasted Merganser – D. Gordon E. Robertson, Wikimedia Commons

Golden-crowned Kinglet – Pete, Wikimedia Commons

26     Rusty Blackbird – Mdf, Wikimedia Commons

Wood Turtle – Wilfried Berns, Wikimedia Commons

27     Female Mallard Duck and Black Duck – Jean-Philippe Boulet, Wikimedia Commons

Male Black Duck – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wikimedia Commons

Male Mallard Duck – Keith, Wikimedia Commons

28     Great Blue Heron – Brocken Inaglory, Wikimedia Commons

Black-crowned Night Heron – Augustus Binu, Wikimedia Commons

Red-necked Grebe – Donna Dewhurst, Wikimedia Commons

29     Winter cover 1 – Dave Hackett

Winter cover 2 – Dave Hackett

Winter cover 3 – Dave Hackett

30     Canada geese on water – Lisa Hackett

Coots rafting – Lisa Hackett

Canada geese on land – Lisa Hackett

31     Wood Duck and ducklings – Lisa Hackett

Pair of Mallards – Richard Bartz, Wikimedia Commons

Pair of Pintails – Zeimusu, Wikimedia Commons

32     Palm Warbler – Tony Clements, Wikimedia Commons

American Pipit – Kathy & Sam, Wikimedia Commons

Bohemian Waxwing – Ryan Hodnett, Wikimedia Commons

Tundra Swan – Dick Daniels, Wikimedia Commons

33     Male Moose – USDA Forest Service, Wikimedia Commons

Male White-tailed Deer – U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Wikimedia Commons

White-tailed Deer fawn – Jonathunder, Wikimedia Commons

34     Cache Bay Shoreline – Dave Hackett

Wetland vegetation – Dave Hackett

35     Flying Osprey – Wikimedia Commons

Flying Loon – Ano Lobb, Wikimedia Commons

Osprey – Lisa Hackett

Common Loon – Lisa Hackett

LESSON 13 –THE NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN WETLAND MANUALS

Slide

1       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

3       Covers of OWES Manuals – Dave Hackett

4       Covers of OWES Manuals – Dave Hackett

6       People at Frair Lake – Dave Hackett

Wetland books and GPS – Dave Hackett

7       Wetland complex – OWES Certificate Course

9       Loon – Lisa Hackett

Marsh Marigold – J. M. Garg, Wikimedia Commons

10     Covers of two OWES Manuals – Dave Hackett

Female Red-breasted Merganser – D. Gordon E. Robertson, Wikimedia Commons

11     Small Cranberry – Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, Wikimedia Commons

Male American Black Duck – DickDaniels, Wikimedia Commons

12     Flood – Kingbob86, Wikimedia Commons

Groundwater discharging – OWES Certificate Course

14     People at Frair Lake – Kevan Cowcill

Pitcher plant – Lisa Hackett

People at Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

LESSON 14 – ASSIGNMENT FOR REGISTERED OWES CERTIFICATE COURSE CANDIDATES

Slide

1       People by Cache Bay – Kevan Cowcill

2       Wetland vegetation – Nipissing University OWES webpage

4       Wetland books and GPS – Dave Hackett

Wetland – Dave Hackett

7       Pickerelweed – Rotational, Wikimedia Commons

Mink – Pdreijnders, Wikimedia Commons

Soil augering – OWES Certificate Course

Wetland soil – USDA, Wikimedia Commons